|My oldest son (now 16) when he was 3.|
Veronika (age 3) now counts to 15, and recognizes numbers 1-20, and also the numbers 25, 50, and 100. Gavyn recognizes numbers 1-10. Both Veronika and Gavyn know all basic shapes and many 3 dimensional shapes. Veronika can count objects then label them with the correct numeral. She can also see a numeral and then count objects to get to that numeral. (today we were working with buttons and she was able to look at numerals and count out the correct number of buttons to match.
With reading, we started sight words and labeling words at about 18months or so. We started with words like eat, sofa, more, yes, please, no, help, go, mommy, daddy, (and all names of siblings). We haven't worked on those in a while but we do a lot of flash cards.
Our kids LOVE flashcard time. I make it fun, it goes FAST, you do NOT spend a lot of time on it. Make it memorable. We are learning about famous paintings, organs of the body, countries, and polygons currently. For example, with the famous paintings I try to be silly and make it fun so they WANT to learn. Take the painting of the Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci, I would ask them if they can sit up and smile like she is smiling, or the Sunflowers by Van Gogh, I would pretend like I am smelling them. The idea is that you do not spend a lot of time on any flash cards, you flash them say what is on the card and move on quickly to the next card. If your child seems to be losing focus or attention, liven it up by making it funny or silly.
I remember when I was teaching my preschool class (ages 3-5) it was around the time of the summer Olympics (years and years ago) and we made flags for every country who was participating. The flags of the countries the kids remembered easiest was Hungary and Turkey, because when I would get to those flags, I would hold Hungary and say...... "Mmmmm, I am SOOOO Hungary....I think I want to eat.... TURKEY!!!" Then I would hold the flag of Turkey and say.... No no don't eat me, and I would have the flash card of Hungary chase Turkey and pretend to eat the card. The kids would laugh and laugh and they had fun learning. As long as you can make learning fun, what is wrong with teaching a child? All my kids in my class also learned to identify different cloud types. I would talk about how the cirrus looked like someone had taken a paintbrush and gently swept it across the sky, or how the cumulus looked like big puffy cotton balls in the sky.
We are pretty careful about what our kids watch and we try to make sure things they do watch are educational. One of our favorites is Sparkabilities You can look them up on YouTube and some video previews.
An all time favorite is Signing Time.
I am always on the look out for flash cards. For me, flash cards must have certain qualities, they must be sturdy, they must be pleasing to the eyes, and they must present only the info I want. For example, some flash cards show a blue ball and it is trying to teach a new learner about the color blue. If I am trying to teach colors, the easiest way to do that is to buy construction paper and laminate it. Of course you can also just use your natural environment. Talk about what color your child is wearing each day, what color is their tooth brush, what color is the grass, the bark on the tree, their bedroom walls, etc. My favorite flash cards are Eric Carle flash cards, they have a numbers one, and an animal one that has animals on one side and letters on the other. When working on letters, we always say the letter and the letter sounds. You can find them both on Amazon. The flash cards we are using in the video are called BIT cards, and can be found at The Gentle Revolution Press.
One of our newest discoveries is BrillKids. We love it! We are currently just on the free trial part, but it is keeping both of our three year olds very engaged. (we are using the app on our tablet with BrillKids)